File Set Up
Different types of images (GIF, PNG, JPG, TIFF) handle color differently, so it’s important to get them right. There are also multiple types of PDFs, such as PDF/ X1-1 and PDF/4, each of which has different capabilities related to color. For example, some include ICC profiles and others do not.
Printers use a wide variety of industry-standard specifications, each of which has an impact on color. These specs include:
Designed for newsprint-grade media.
Designed for standard commercial offset printing. SWOP has multiple sub-categories to reflect the stock on which the job is printed.
Developed for high-quality reproduction. It, too, has multiple sub-categories that reflect the type of stock.
An earlier standard still in use today. It, too, is broken down into sub-categories, including ISO coated, ISO uncoated, and ISO newspaper. Outside America, you have FOGRA 39 (coated stock), FOGRA 48 (newsprint), FOGRA 50 (gloss laminated), and in Australia, 3DAP (3 paper types). In Japan, you have Japan Color (4 paper types). All of these standards render color differently and give you different looks. It is the job of the printer to match the targets each standard sets.
How does the printer know we hit the spec you are after? We print a color bar on the output, then measure the patches with a spectrophotometer. This includes gray balance, density, L*a*b* value, and more.
How color is seen to the eye is influenced by the type of light under which the job is viewed. The appearance of color is impacted by
- Type of lamps used
- Color of the light (incandescent, fluorescent, LEDs)
- Impact of metamerism (color looking different under different light conditions)
- Inclusion of any optical brighteners in the ink or substrate that can react under florescent light and create a color shift
So don’t trust your color to just anyone. The methods, standards, and press practices we use to achieve a great end result is the “secret sauce” that makes our production unique to us. It is a process that you can trust!